Fertilizing your lawn with the right fertilizer at the right time is an essential part of maintaining a lush and healthy lawn. Knowing what the right fertilizer is for your lawn requires that you first understand what is best for the type of grass and the soil. Here’s a list of the fertilizers available, as well as tips and tricks for fertilizing your lawn:
Types of Fertilizer
Water soluble fertilizer is quick-release and is designed to stimulate maximum health, rapid growth, and lush color. In addition, water soluble fertilizer is also formulated to be absorbed by your grass quickly.
Organic fertilizer naturally breaks down and replenishes your turf with nutrients. In addition to improving the health of your lawn, organic fertilizer also improves the soil significantly. Organic fertilizers require warm, moist soil in order to provide the best results.
This type of fertilizer comes in a number of time-release formulas which give you a lot more control over how and when your lawn is being fed.
Weed & Feed (Weed Control Fertilizer)
There are also fertilizers that are specially formulated to kill weeds and nourish your lawn. This kind of fertilizer helps stimulate growth in your lawn’s roots, which works to crowd out weeds as well.
In addition, there are fertilizers that can help address moss and fungus problems that your lawn may be experiencing, ones that are designed to improve the color of your turf, as well as fertilizers that can help control troublesome insects and grubs.
Tips and Tricks for Fertilizing Your Lawn
It is always best to test the pH balance of your soil before deciding on a fertilizer. For example, if your lawn has a pH balance of 7 or higher, you will need to invest in a fertilizer that has sulfur in order to reduce the alkaline levels. If your soil records a pH level of 5.5 or below, you may require alkaline to reduce the acid levels. Soil samples can also indicate nutrient deficiencies that cause low iron or potassium.
Most lawn fertilizers contain three major nutrients known as NPK; or Nitrogen, Phosphorous, and Potassium. Different lawns require a different percentage of each of these essential nutrients. Nitrogen helps your lawn grow faster and stay lush and green. Phosphorous promotes robust and healthy roots. Nitrogen is the most important nutrient for your lawn, and should be the element that has the highest percentage in your fertilizer. However, you should not choose a fertilizer that has a nitrogen percentage greater than 10. Those that exceed 10% can burn your lawn.
While when and how often you fertilize depends on a number of factors, from the species of your grass to the pH balance of your soil, on average it is best to begin fertilizing in the fall. It is important to never over-fertilize your lawn, because this may harm your turf and increase weeds. If you need to aerate your lawn, it is best to do so in the fall before you fertilize.
When you feed during the spring, it is best to do it when the dormant grass is 50% green. Spring fertilization works best on lawns that have significant damage. Fertilizing a healthy spring lawn may actually just increase top growth, but do nothing for the health of the roots. This can actually exacerbate a weed or insect problem.
Due to heat, drought, and insects, summer can be extremely hard on your lawn. One great way to keep it healthy throughout the season is to apply a slow-release fertilizer at the beginning of summer. You should apply slow-release fertilizer every 90 to 120 days, and all-purpose fertilizer every 6 to 8 weeks. It’s best to fertilize right before a light yet steady rain, because that’s when your lawn absorbs nutrients best.
Warm weather grasses should be fed 3-4 pounds of fertilizer per 100 square feet per year. Give your lawn a quarter to one inch of water after you have applied fertilizer for the best results.
Fertilizing Your Lawn with Lawnscape
Now that you know more about quality fertilizers, use these fertilizing tips and tricks to keep your lawn fresh, healthy, and green. Get in contact with the experts at Lawnscape today for personalized advice on how to pamper your lawn to perfection.